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农药在植物中的内吸和传导行为与施药技术研究进展

刘婷婷 刘尚可 李北兴 刘峰 慕卫 潘灿平 邹楠

刘婷婷, 刘尚可, 李北兴, 刘峰, 慕卫, 潘灿平, 邹楠. 农药在植物中的内吸和传导行为与施药技术研究进展[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn-1008-7303.2021.0067
引用本文: 刘婷婷, 刘尚可, 李北兴, 刘峰, 慕卫, 潘灿平, 邹楠. 农药在植物中的内吸和传导行为与施药技术研究进展[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn-1008-7303.2021.0067
Tingting LIU, Shangke LIU, Beixing LI, Feng LIU, Wei MU, Canping PAN, Nan ZOU. Review on uptake and translocation behaviors of pesticides in plants and application technologies of pesticides[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn-1008-7303.2021.0067
Citation: Tingting LIU, Shangke LIU, Beixing LI, Feng LIU, Wei MU, Canping PAN, Nan ZOU. Review on uptake and translocation behaviors of pesticides in plants and application technologies of pesticides[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn-1008-7303.2021.0067

农药在植物中的内吸和传导行为与施药技术研究进展

doi: 10.16801/j.issn-1008-7303.2021.0067
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年基金 (31801781);山东省自然科学基金博士基金 (ZR2018BC038);广西创新驱动发展专项资金项目 (桂科AA17204043-1);科技部重点研发计划项目 (2016YFD0200206)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘婷婷,女,硕士研究生,E­mail:1425658440@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    邹楠,通信作者 (Author for correspondence),女,副教授,研究方向为农药残留与农产品安全,E­mail:zounan1226@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TQ450.1; S481.2

Review on uptake and translocation behaviors of pesticides in plants and application technologies of pesticides

  • 摘要: 农药的施用方式和施用效果与其在植物中的内吸和传导行为密切相关。农药在植物表面和内部的内吸和传导行为,不仅与其自身理化性质有关,还受植物种类、生长期、生长条件及施药方式等因素的影响。研究农药在植物体内的内吸和传导行为及其影响因素,对于选择合适的施药技术及提高农药利用率具有重要的指导意义。本文综述了农药在植物体内的内吸和传导行为、传导方式与施药技术的关系以及影响农药内吸和传导行为的因素,并提出改善农药内吸和传导行为的措施,以期为农药的安全合理施用提供一定的理论支撑。
  • 图  1  农药在植物体内的扩散和转运机制[18]

    Figure  1.  Proposed mechanism for the diffusion and transport of pesticides in plants[18]

    图  2  载体介导的改性氯虫苯甲酰胺在植物体内的迁移机制[27]

    (a) CAP-Ala从叶片表面通过AtLHT1转运体向原生韧皮部转运系统的吸收过程。(b) 根、茎和叶在内的整个植物系统的传导过程。(c) 由木质部和韧皮部系统引起的茎的双向传导过程。

    Figure  2.  The translocation mechanism for carrier-mediated modified chlorantraniliprole (CAP) within plant leaves[27]

    (a) The uptake processes of CAP-Ala from leaf surfaces to the native phloem translocation system via AtLHT1 transporters. (b) the conduction processes in the whole plant systems, including roots, stems, and leaves. (c) the bidirectional conduction capability in stems via the xylem and phloem systems.

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-09-29
  • 录用日期:  2021-01-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-02-24

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