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啶虫脒在桃上的残留降解规律与膳食风险评估

陈小龙 王亚 程金金 赵江涛 余向阳

陈小龙, 王亚, 程金金, 赵江涛, 余向阳. 啶虫脒在桃上的残留降解规律与膳食风险评估[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2021.0060
引用本文: 陈小龙, 王亚, 程金金, 赵江涛, 余向阳. 啶虫脒在桃上的残留降解规律与膳食风险评估[J]. 农药学学报. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2021.0060
Xiaolong CHEN, Ya WANG, Jinjin CHENG, Jiangtao ZHAO, Xiangyang YU. The degradation rules and dietary risk assessment of acetamiprid residues in peach[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2021.0060
Citation: Xiaolong CHEN, Ya WANG, Jinjin CHENG, Jiangtao ZHAO, Xiangyang YU. The degradation rules and dietary risk assessment of acetamiprid residues in peach[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2021.0060

啶虫脒在桃上的残留降解规律与膳食风险评估

doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2021.0060
基金项目: 国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金项目 (CARS-30-5-03);国家农产品质量安全风险评估计划:果品质量安全风险隐患摸底排查与关键控制点评估 (GJFP201700301);江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目[CX(19)3006]
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈小龙,女,助理研究员,研究方向为农产品质量与安全,E-mail:chenxljaas@126.com

    通讯作者:

    余向阳,通信作者 (Author for correspondence),男,研究员,研究方向为产地污染控制,E-mail:yuxy@jaas.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: S482.3;TQ453.6

The degradation rules and dietary risk assessment of acetamiprid residues in peach

  • 摘要: 啶虫脒在桃上的检出率高且未登记,缺少安全间隔期、用药间隔期等信息可能会导致盲目用药,增加残留超标风险。为明确桃果上啶虫脒的残留风险,本文采用降解试验以及模拟农户施药对其残留规律进行了分析,并于2015—2018年对中国9大主产区桃中的啶虫脒残留进行了调查与膳食摄入风险分析。结果表明:啶虫脒在桃果皮与果肉上的降解符合一级反应动力学方程,半衰期分别为3.92与3.14 d。模拟农户施药2次或3次后,距末次施药7、14和21 d啶虫脒的残留量均较低,且远低于其在核果上的最大残留限量值,去皮食用能够减少膳食摄入风险。9大桃主产区509份桃样品中啶虫脒的检出率在8%~38%之间,均未超标。啶虫脒在桃上的慢性膳食暴露量贡献率在0.02%~0.07%之间,占总体膳食暴露量贡献率较小,对一般人群无不可接受的风险。
  • 图  1  啶虫脒标准溶液添加水平为50 μg/kg时的色谱图 (A) 与质谱图 (B)

    Figure  1.  Total ion chromatogram (A) and mass spectra (B) of acetamiprid standard solution at the spiking level of 50 μg/kg

    图  2  啶虫脒在桃表皮 (A) 与桃果肉 (B) 中的降解曲线

    Figure  2.  Dissipation curve of acetamiprid in peach peel (A) and peach pulp (B)

    图  3  2次施药与3次施药情况下桃果肉与桃皮中的啶虫脒残留规律

    Figure  3.  Residuals of acetamiprid in peach pulp and peach peel under the condition of 2 times application and 3 times application

    图  4  试验期间果园中的相对湿度、空气温度及降水量

    Figure  4.  The relative humidity, air temperature, and precipitation of orchard during the experiment

    表  1  啶虫脒在不同作物上的登记情况[3]

    Table  1.   Acetamiprid registered on different crops[3]

    登记作物
    Registered crop
    登记数目
    Number
    登记作物
    Registered crop
    登记数目
    Number
    登记作物
    Registered crop
    登记数目
    Number
    柑橘树 (柑橘) Citrus tree (citrus) 196 烟草 Tobacco 18 水稻 Rice 4
    黄瓜 (保护地黄瓜)
    Cucumber (Protected cucumber)
    192 菠菜 Spinach 17 大白菜 Chinese cabbage 3
    甘蓝 Cabbage 93 十字花科蔬菜
    Cruciferous vegetables
    16 小白菜 Pakchoi cabbage 3
    苹果 (苹果树) Apple (apple tree) 67 莲藕 Lotus root 14 西瓜 Watermelon 2
    棉花 Cotton 50 番茄 Tomato 9 蔷薇科观赏花卉
    Rosaceae ornamental flowers
    2
    小麦 Wheat 45 茶树 Tea tree 8 冬枣 Jujube 1
    豇豆 Cowpea 31 金银花 Honeysuckle 6 节瓜 Zucchini 1
    萝卜 Radish 25 大葱 Onions 5 茄子 Eggplant 1
    芹菜 Celery 20
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2015—2018年9大桃主产区中啶虫脒残留情况与慢性膳食摄入风险值

    Table  2.   Risk Assessment of acetamiprid residues in nine major producing areas from 2015 to 2018

    年度
    Year
    待检样品总数
    Total number of samples
    检出样品数
    Detected number
    检出率
    Detection rate/%
    残留量
    Residue/(mg/kg)
    慢性膳食摄入占%ADI比值
    Chronic dietary intake risk/%
    最小值
    Minimum
    最大值
    Maximum
    平均值
    Average
    残留中值
    Median residue
    201511531270.0011.3480.1730.0320.07
    20169837380.0120.3740.0750.0450.03
    201712640320.0010.1880.0460.0180.02
    20181701480.0110.1490.0420.0310.02
    下载: 导出CSV
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