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农药多残留联合暴露风险评估研究进展

杨桂玲 陈晨 王强 赵慧宇 张志恒 蔡铮 钱永忠

杨桂玲, 陈晨, 王强, 赵慧宇, 张志恒, 蔡铮, 钱永忠. 农药多残留联合暴露风险评估研究进展[J]. 农药学学报, 2015, 17(2): 119-127. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.02.01
引用本文: 杨桂玲, 陈晨, 王强, 赵慧宇, 张志恒, 蔡铮, 钱永忠. 农药多残留联合暴露风险评估研究进展[J]. 农药学学报, 2015, 17(2): 119-127. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.02.01
Yang Guiling, Chen Chen, Wang Qiang, Zhao Huiyu, Zhang Zhiheng, Cai Zheng, Qian Yongzhong. Risk assessment for combined exposure of multi- residue of pesticides[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2015, 17(2): 119-127. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.02.01
Citation: Yang Guiling, Chen Chen, Wang Qiang, Zhao Huiyu, Zhang Zhiheng, Cai Zheng, Qian Yongzhong. Risk assessment for combined exposure of multi- residue of pesticides[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2015, 17(2): 119-127. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.02.01

农药多残留联合暴露风险评估研究进展

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.02.01
基金项目: 

浙江省重大科技专项重大农业项目(2014C02002);中国农业科学院科技创新工程项目;浙江省农业科学院创新提升工程项目.

Risk assessment for combined exposure of multi- residue of pesticides

  • 摘要: 近年来,单个样品含有多种农药残留的现象在食品安全风险监测结果中较为普遍,联合暴露风险评估技术已成为食品质量安全领域的研究热点。文章概述了联合暴露的3种主要作用类型:浓度相加、独立作用和相互作用。浓度相加法是联合暴露风险评估的基本方法,以之为基础,介绍了具有相同作用机理农药的联合暴露评估分组方法和常用评估方法,以实际案例重点阐述了危害指数法、相对毒效因子法、暴露阈值法和分离点指数法,并分析了各方法的应用范围、数据要求及优缺点。随着风险评估技术的发展,我国农药残留限量的制定将更趋于科学化,多残留的风险评估结果也将逐步得到关注和应用。因此,现阶段开展农药多残留联合暴露风险评估技术研究对完善我国的农药残留限量标准体系具有重要的推进作用。
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  • 收稿日期:  2014-09-09
  • 刊出日期:  2015-04-13

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