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中国农药应用工艺学20年的理论研究与技术概述

闫晓静 杨代斌 薛新宇 王国宾 崔丽 冯超 秦维彩 袁会珠

闫晓静, 杨代斌, 薛新宇, 王国宾, 崔丽, 冯超, 秦维彩, 袁会珠. 中国农药应用工艺学20年的理论研究与技术概述[J]. 农药学学报, 2019, 21(5-6): 908-920. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2019.0114
引用本文: 闫晓静, 杨代斌, 薛新宇, 王国宾, 崔丽, 冯超, 秦维彩, 袁会珠. 中国农药应用工艺学20年的理论研究与技术概述[J]. 农药学学报, 2019, 21(5-6): 908-920. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2019.0114
YAN Xiaojing, YANG Daibin, XUE Xinyu, WANG Guobin, CUI Li, FENG Chao, QIN Weicai, YUAN Huizhu. Overview in theories and technologies for pesticide application in China during the last two decades[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2019, 21(5-6): 908-920. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2019.0114
Citation: YAN Xiaojing, YANG Daibin, XUE Xinyu, WANG Guobin, CUI Li, FENG Chao, QIN Weicai, YUAN Huizhu. Overview in theories and technologies for pesticide application in China during the last two decades[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2019, 21(5-6): 908-920. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2019.0114

中国农药应用工艺学20年的理论研究与技术概述

doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2019.0114
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目 (2016YFD0200703,2017YFD0201603)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    闫晓静,女,博士,副研究员,从事杀菌剂作用机制和使用技术研究,E-mail:yanxiaojing@caas.cn

    通讯作者:

    袁会珠,通信作者 (Author for correspondence),男,博士,研究员,长期从事农药应用工艺学研究,E-mail:hzhyuan@ippcaas.cn

  • 中图分类号: S49

Overview in theories and technologies for pesticide application in China during the last two decades

  • 摘要: 农药应用工艺学是研究提高农药利用率和施药效率,减轻或消除农药对环境的污染和对人、畜及有益生物危害风险的一门综合性学科。近20年来,中国在农药的吸收传导、控制释放、剂型研发、省力化施药、雾滴运动、高效装备及智能精准施药等方面取得了长足的进步:建立了药剂吸收量与种子包衣剂量之间的关系模型;阐明了农药控制释放的动力学规律,揭示了缓释农药提高作物安全性的生物学机制;研发了超低容量制剂、烟雾剂、粉尘剂、展膜油剂、缓释颗粒剂等省力化农药剂型和与之匹配的省力化施药技术;探明了农药雾滴在作物冠层的沉积流失规律,建立了农药利用率模型;建立了农药施用定量分析计算理论,提出了农药雾滴“杀伤半径”概念,推动了农药低容量喷雾技术发展;建立了植保无人飞机低容量喷雾技术体系,开启了人工智能 (AI) 施药技术的研究和应用,初步建立人工智能精准喷雾技术。中国农药应用已逐步实现从简单、粗放向科学、安全、智能精准的转变,为农药减施增效提供理论依据和技术支撑。
  • 图  1  秧盘处理颗粒剂防治水稻病虫害施药时期示意图

    Figure  1.  The schematic diagram of application period of controlled release granules to cotroll rice diseases and pests

    图  2  诱惑红用于农药沉积率测定

    Figure  2.  Allura red as a trace to determine the pesticide deposition

    图  3  植保无人飞机数量和防治面积

    Figure  3.  The number of drones and applicaton area

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  • 收稿日期:  2019-08-20
  • 录用日期:  2019-10-31
  • 刊出日期:  2019-12-01

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