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加工过程对大米中农药残留影响的荟萃分析

王迎鑫 段锦淼 高庆超 张志勇 梁颖

王迎鑫, 段锦淼, 高庆超, 张志勇, 梁颖. 加工过程对大米中农药残留影响的荟萃分析[J]. 农药学学报, 2022, 24(3): 621-629. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0002
引用本文: 王迎鑫, 段锦淼, 高庆超, 张志勇, 梁颖. 加工过程对大米中农药残留影响的荟萃分析[J]. 农药学学报, 2022, 24(3): 621-629. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0002
WANG Yingxin, DUAN Jinmiao, GAO Qingchao, ZHANG Zhiyong, LIANG Ying. Meta-analysis of food processing on pesticide residues in rice[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2022, 24(3): 621-629. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0002
Citation: WANG Yingxin, DUAN Jinmiao, GAO Qingchao, ZHANG Zhiyong, LIANG Ying. Meta-analysis of food processing on pesticide residues in rice[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2022, 24(3): 621-629. doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0002

加工过程对大米中农药残留影响的荟萃分析

doi: 10.16801/j.issn.1008-7303.2022.0002
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划政府间合作项目(2019YFE0103900);国家自然科学基金(31772198).
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王迎鑫,13906430855@163.com

    通讯作者:

    梁颖,lyjaas@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TQ450.2;TS213.3

Meta-analysis of food processing on pesticide residues in rice

Funds: National Program on Key Research Project of China (2019YFE0103900), National Natural Science Foundation of China (31772198).
  • 摘要: 采用荟萃分析方法探讨加工过程对大米中农药残留的影响,获得的响应比可为膳食风险评估提供加工因子。通过对多个数据库进行文献检索、数据采集、荟萃分析计算,以获得不同加工方法对大米中农药残留影响的响应比及相关参数。结果表明:单一加工方法中,脱壳、碾磨、抛光、浸泡、清洗1次、清洗2次、清洗3次、普通蒸煮和高压蒸煮的响应比分别为0.376、0.310、0.212、0.518、0.450、0.338、0.162、0.356和0.144,其中脱壳、碾磨和抛光的响应比均小于0.4,可有效降低大米中的农药残留量;随着清洗次数增加,清洗对农药残留量的去除效果增强;高压蒸煮对降低农药残留量的效果最佳;而浸泡效果较差。组合加工方法的响应比与单一加工方法响应比的乘积基本一致。所获得的响应比作为加工因子用于食品安全风险评估中,可提升大米风险评估结果的准确性,并可为大米中农药最大残留限量标准的制定以及居民安全膳食引导提供参考。
  • 表  1  加工方法对大米中农药残留影响的研究文献

    Table  1.   The literatures about the effects of processing methods on pesticide residues in rice

    单一加工 Single processing
    工艺流程
    Food processing
    样本数Sample
    number
    加工对象
    Processing object
    农药名称
    Pesticide
    参考文献
    Reference
    脱壳 Hulling 15 稻谷 Unhusked rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、克百威、3-羟基克百威 chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, carbofuran, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [18]
    27 稻谷 Unhusked rice 乐果、毒死蜱、马拉硫磷、水胺硫磷、三唑磷 dimethoate, chlorpyrifos, malathion, isocarbophos, triazophos [19]
    10 稻谷 Unhusked rice 乙酰甲胺磷、甲胺磷
    acephate, methamidophos
    [9]
    8 稻谷 Unhusked rice 毒死蜱、TCP chlorpyrifos, TCP [20]
    9 稻谷 Unhusked rice 毒死蜱、三唑磷、TCP chlorpyrifos, triazophos, TCP [21]
    4 稻谷 Unhusked rice 三环唑 tricyclazole [22]
    12 稻谷 Unhusked rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺 triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    15
    稻谷 Unhusked rice 毒死蜱、TCP、 丁硫克百威、3-羟基百克威 chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [23]
    碾磨 Milling 15 糙米 Brown rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、克百威、3-羟基克百威 chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, carbofuran, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [18]
    9 糙米 Brown rice 毒死蜱、三唑磷、TCP chlorpyrifos, triazophos, TCP [21]
    12 糙米 Brown rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺 triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    15 糙米 Brown rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、3-羟基克百威 chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [23]
    抛光 Polishing 10 糙米 Brown rice 乙酰甲胺磷、甲胺磷 acephate, methamidophos [9]
    8 糙米 Brown rice 毒死蜱、TCP chlorpyrifos, TCP [20]
    4 糙米 Brown rice 三环唑 tricyclazole [22]
    15 糙米 Brown rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、3-羟基克百威 chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [23]
    浸泡 Immersing 54 大米 Rice 18种农药,具体品种见表注“a”18 kinds of pesticides listed in the table note “a” [30]
    清洗1次
    Washing once
    10 大米 Rice 乙酰甲胺磷、甲胺磷 acephate, methamidophos [9]
    8 大米 Rice 毒死蜱、TCP chlorpyrifos, TCP [20]
    4 大米 Rice 三环唑 tricyclazole [22]
    12 大米 Rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺 triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    15 大米 Rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、3-羟基克百威 chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [23]
    6 大米 Rice 稻瘟灵、四氟苯酞 isoprothinlane, fthalide [24]
    12 大米 Rice 呋虫胺 dinotefuran [25]
    6 大米 Rice 毒死蜱 chlorpyrifos [26]
    6 大米 Rice 三唑磷 triazophos [27]
    10 有色大米、糯米Coloured rice, Sticky rice
    仲丁威、异稻瘟净、丙环唑
    fenobucarb, iprobenfos, propiconazole
    [28]
    16 大米 Rice 乙酰甲胺磷、氧乐果、三唑磷、毒死蜱 acephate, oxygen dimethoate, triazophos, chlorpyrifos [29]
    3 大米 Rice 毒死蜱 chlorpyrifos [31]
    123 大米 Rice 40种农药,具体品种见表注“b”40 kinds of pesticides listed in the table note “b” [33]
    清洗2次
    Washing twice
    10 大米 Rice 乙酰甲胺磷、甲胺磷 acephate, methamidophos [9]
    12
    大米 Rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺 triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    15
    大米 Rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、3-羟基克百威 chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [23]
    6 大米 Rice 毒死蜱 chlorpyrifos [26]
    16 大米 Rice 乙酰甲胺磷、氧乐果、三唑磷、毒死蜱 acephate, oxygen dimethoate, triazophos, chlorpyrifos [29]
    3 大米 Rice 毒死蜱 chlorpyrifos [31]
    清洗3次
    Washing three times
    10 大米 Rice 乙酰甲胺磷、甲胺磷 acephate, methamidophos [9]
    6 大米 Rice 稻瘟灵、四氟苯酞 isoprothinlane, fthalide [24]
    6 大米 Rice 毒死蜱 chlorpyrifos [26]
    3 大米 Rice 毒死蜱 chlorpyrifos [31]
    普通蒸煮 Cooking 10 大米 Rice 乙酰甲胺磷、甲胺磷 acephate, methamidophos [9]
    8 大米 Rice 毒死蜱、TCP chlorpyrifos, TCP [20]
    9 大米 Rice 毒死蜱、三唑磷、TCP chlorpyrifos, triazophos, TCP [21]
    4 大米 Rice 三环唑 tricyclazole [22]
    12 大米 Rice 呋虫胺 dinotefuran [25]
    普通蒸煮 Cooking 6 大米 Rice 毒死蜱 chlorpyrifos [26]
    6 大米 Rice 三唑磷 triazophos [27]
    10 有色大米、糯米Coloured rice,Sticky rice
    仲丁威、异稻瘟净、丙环唑
    fenobucarb, iprobenfos, propiconazole
    [28]
    16 大米 Rice 乙酰甲胺磷、氧乐果、三唑磷、毒死蜱 acephate, oxygen dimethoate, triazophos, chlorpyrifos [29]
    54 大米 Rice 18种农药,具体品种见表注“a”18 kinds of pesticides listed in the table note “a” [30]
    3 大米 Rice 毒死蜱 chlorpyrifos [31]
    35 大米 Rice 林丹、狄氏剂、p, p'-DDE、p, p'-DDD、p, p'-DDT lindane, dieldrin, p, p'-DDE, p, p'-DDD, p, p'-DDT [32]
    123 大米 Rice 40种农药,具体品种见表注“b”40 kinds of pesticides listed in the table note “b” [33]
    369 大米 Rice 41种农药,具体品种见表注“c”41 kinds of pesticides listed in the table note “c” [34]
    高压蒸煮 Pressured cooking 6 大米 Rice 三唑磷 triazophos [27]
    16 大米 Rice 乙酰甲胺磷、氧乐果、三唑磷、毒死蜱acephate, oxygen dimethoate, triazophos, chlorpyrifos [29]
    组合加工 Combination processing
    浸泡 + 清洗1次
    Immersing + Washing once
    12 大米 Rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    16 大米 Rice 乙酰甲胺磷、氧乐果、三唑磷、毒死蜱acephate, oxygen dimethoate, triazophos, chlorpyrifos
    浸泡 + 清洗1次 + 普通蒸煮
    Immersing + Washing once + Cooking
    12 大米 Rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    浸泡 + 清洗1次 + 高压蒸煮Immersing + Washing once + Pressured cooking 12 大米 Rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    清洗1次 + 普通蒸煮
    Washing once + Cooking
    12 大米 Rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    15 大米 Rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、3-羟基克百威chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [23]
    清洗1次 + 高压蒸煮
    Washing once + Pressured cooking
    12 大米 Rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    15 大米 Rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、3-羟基克百威chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [23]
    清洗2次 + 普通蒸煮
    Washing twice + Cooking
    12 大米 Rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    15 大米 Rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、3-羟基克百威chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [23]
    清洗2次 + 高压蒸煮
    Washing twice + Pressured cooking
    12 大米 Rice 三唑磷、毒死蜱、丁硫克百威、氯虫苯甲酰胺triazophos, chlorpyrifos, carbosulfan, chlorantraniliprole [10]
    15 大米 Rice 毒死蜱、TCP、丁硫克百威、3-羟基克百威chlorpyrifos, TCP, carbosulfan, 3-hydroxycarbofuran [23]
    注:a包括五氟磺草胺、唑菌胺酯、氯虫苯甲酰胺、茚虫威、嘧菌酯、戊唑醇、甲氧虫酰肼、苯醚甲环唑、吡虫啉、丙环唑、噻嗪酮、噻呋酰胺、己唑醇、噁唑酰草胺、氟唑菌酰胺、氟环唑、氟啶虫酰胺、氰氟虫腙;b包括乙基保棉磷、除草定、西维因、克百威、杀螟丹、氯溴隆、毒虫畏、毒死蜱、醚磺隆、蝇毒磷、氯亚胺硫磷、二嗪农、百治磷、克瘟散、乙嘧硫磷、氟草隆、呋喃基苯并咪唑、异稻瘟净、马拉硫磷、噻唑隆、杀扑磷、久效磷、氧化乐果、噁草灵、砜吸磷、磷胺、辛硫磷、甲基嘧啶磷、丙环唑、残杀威、吡嘧磷、多杀菌素 A, D、苯噻氰、乙硫苯威、甲基硫菌灵、唑菌醇、野麦畏、三唑磷、三环唑、氟菌唑;c包括二嗪农、4,4-DDE、β-六氯环己烷、扑海因、γ-六氯环己烷、二苯胺、2,4-DDT、4,4-DDT、β-硫丹、α-六氯环己烷、甲霜灵、克螨特、戊唑醇、七氯、丙环唑、胡椒基丁醚、狄氏剂、溴螨酯、高效氯氟氰菊酯、四氟杀螨砜、甲氰菊酯、丙烯菊酯、氟虫腈、环氧七氯、反式环氧七氯、唑菌醇、α-硫丹、甲基毒死蜱、噁草灵、敌敌畏、杀螟硫磷、甲基嘧啶磷、马拉硫磷、倍硫磷、毒死蜱、克瘟散、乐果、乙嘧硫磷、克线磷、乙硫磷、伏杀磷。Note: a includes penoxsulam, pyraclostrobin, chlorantraniliprole, indoxacarb, azoxystrobin, tebuconazole, methoxyfenozide, difenoconazole, imidacloprid, propiconazole, buprofezin, thifluzamide, hexaconazole, metamifop, fluxapyroxad, epoxiconazole, flonicamid, metaflumizo; b includes azinphos-ethyl, bromacil, carbaryl, carbofuran, cartap, chlorbromuron, chlorfenvinphos, chlorpyrifos, cinosulfuron, coumaphos, dialifos, diazinon, dicrotophos, edifenphos, etrimfos, fluometuron, fuberidazole, iprobenfos, malathion, methabenzthiazuron, methidathion, monocrotophos, omethoate, oxadiazon, oxydemeton-methyl, phosphamidon, phoxim, primiphos-methyl, propiconazole, propoxur, pyrazophos, spinosyn A, D, TCMTB, thiobencarb, thiophanate-methyl, triadimenol, triallate, triazophos, tricyclazole, triflumizole; c includes diazinon, 4,4-DDE, beta-HCH, iprodione, gamma-HCH, diphenyl amine, 2,4-DDT, 4,4-DDT, beta-endosulfan, alpha-HCH, metalaxyl, propargite, tebuconazole, heptachlor, propiconazole, piperonyl botuxide, dieldrin, bromopropylate, lambda, cyhalothrin, tetradifon, fenpropathrin, bioalthrin, fipronil, heptachlor-exo-epoxide, heptachlor-endo-epoxide, triadimenol, alpha -endosulfan, chlorpyrifos-methyl, oxadiazon, dichlorvos, fenitrothion, pirimiphos-methyl, malathion, fenthion, chlorpyrifos, edifenphos, dimethoate, etrimfos, fenamiphos, ethion, phosalone.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  加工方法对大米中农药残留量影响研究文献中的样本数

    Table  2.   The sample number in the literatures about the effects of processing methods on pesticide residues in rice

    加工方法
    Processing method
    样本数
    Sample number
    单一加工
    Single processing
    脱壳 Hulling 100
    碾磨 Milling 51
    抛光 Polishing 37
    浸泡 Immersing 54
    清洗1次 Washing once 231
    清洗2次 Washing twice 62
    清洗3次 Washing three times 25
    普通蒸煮 Cooking 665
    高压蒸煮 Pressured cooking 22
    组合加工
    Combination processing
    浸泡 + 清洗1次
    Immersing + Washing once
    28
    浸泡 + 清洗1次 + 普通蒸煮
    Immersing + Washing once + Cooking
    12
    浸泡 + 清洗1次 + 高压蒸煮
    Immersing + Washing once + Pressured cooking
    12
    清洗1次 + 普通蒸煮
    Washing once + Cooking
    27
    清洗1次 + 高压蒸煮
    Washing once + Pressured cooking
    27
    清洗2次 + 普通蒸煮
    Washing twice + Cooking
    27
    清洗2次 + 高压蒸煮
    Washing twice + Pressured cooking
    27
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同加工方法大米中农药残留量的响应比及置信区间

    Table  3.   Response ratio and confidence interval of pesticide residue levels in rice processed by different methods

    加工方法
    Processing method
    同质性检验
    Q
    试验间变异
    σ2
    加权响应比
    R*
    95% 置信区间
    95% CI
    99.5% 置信区间
    99.5% CI
    单一加工
    Single processing
    脱壳 Hulling 5436 0.109 0.376 0.332 ~ 0.425 0.315 ~ 0.448
    碾磨 Milling 22415 2.411 0.310 0.280 ~ 0.344 0.268 ~ 0.360
    抛光 Polishing 18841 0.765 0.212 0.132 ~ 0.342 0.107 ~ 0.421
    浸泡 Immersing 112 0.019 0.518 0.480 ~ 0.558 0.465 ~ 0.577
    清洗1次 Washing once 29889 0.335 0.450 0.392 ~ 0.517 0.369 ~ 0.549
    清洗2次 Washing twice 14098 0.034 0.338 0.305 ~ 0.373 0.292 ~ 0.390
    清洗3次 Washing three times 5450 1.772 0.162 0.056 ~ 0.470 0.035 ~ 0.747
    普通蒸煮 Cooking 69692 1.829 0.356 0.296 ~ 0.428 0.274 ~ 0.463
    高压蒸煮 Pressured cooking 346 1.584 0.144 0.047 ~ 0.436 0.029 ~ 0.706
    组合加工Combination
    processing
    浸泡 + 清洗1次
    Immersing + Washing once
    293 0.475 0.283 0.171 ~ 0.470 0.137 ~ 0.585
    浸泡 + 清洗1次 + 普通蒸煮
    Immersing + Washing once + Cooking
    230 1.389 0.088 0.026 ~ 0.295 0.016 ~ 0.499
    浸泡 + 清洗1次 + 高压蒸煮
    Immersing + Washing once + Pressured cooking
    192 0.743 0.072 0.029 ~ 0.178 0.020 ~ 0.264
    清洗1次 + 普通蒸煮
    Washing once + Cooking
    1110 0.466 0.087 0.054 ~ 0.140 0.044 ~ 0.172
    清洗1次 + 高压蒸煮
    Washing once + Pressured cooking
    1004 0.785 0.038 0.021 ~ 0.070 0.016 ~ 0.091
    清洗2次 + 普通蒸煮
    Washing twice + Cooking
    1092 0.451 0.090 0.056 ~ 0.143 0.046 ~ 0.176
    清洗2次 + 高压蒸煮
    Washing twice + Pressured cooking
    719 0.765 0.031 0.017 ~ 0.057 0.013 ~ 0.074
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-08-20
  • 录用日期:  2021-11-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-01-13
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-10

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