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四种新烟碱类杀虫剂对蜜蜂的急性毒性及初级风险评估

吴迟 姜辉 王长宾 张燕 陈昂 崔馨月 何明远

吴迟, 姜辉, 王长宾, 张燕, 陈昂, 崔馨月, 何明远. 四种新烟碱类杀虫剂对蜜蜂的急性毒性及初级风险评估[J]. 农药学学报, 2015, 17(4): 486-491. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.04.16
引用本文: 吴迟, 姜辉, 王长宾, 张燕, 陈昂, 崔馨月, 何明远. 四种新烟碱类杀虫剂对蜜蜂的急性毒性及初级风险评估[J]. 农药学学报, 2015, 17(4): 486-491. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.04.16
Wu Chi, Jiang Hui, Wang Changbin, Zhang Yan, Chen Ang, Cui Xinyue, He Mingyuan. Acute toxicity and first tier risk assessment of four neonicotinoid insecticides to honeybees[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2015, 17(4): 486-491. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.04.16
Citation: Wu Chi, Jiang Hui, Wang Changbin, Zhang Yan, Chen Ang, Cui Xinyue, He Mingyuan. Acute toxicity and first tier risk assessment of four neonicotinoid insecticides to honeybees[J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2015, 17(4): 486-491. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.04.16

四种新烟碱类杀虫剂对蜜蜂的急性毒性及初级风险评估

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-7303.2015.04.16
基金项目: 

青年科学基金项目(31301689).

Acute toxicity and first tier risk assessment of four neonicotinoid insecticides to honeybees

  • 摘要: 采用饲喂管法和点滴法,分别测定了吡虫啉、噻虫嗪、噻虫胺、啶虫脒4种原药及其制剂对意大利蜜蜂成年工蜂的急性毒性,并采用危害商值(HQ)法进行了初级风险评价。结果表明:饲喂管法测得97.3%吡虫啉原药、25%吡虫啉可湿性粉剂、96%噻虫嗪原药、30%噻虫嗪悬浮剂、97%噻虫胺原药、5%噻虫胺可湿性粉剂、96%啶虫脒原药及40%啶虫脒可溶性粉剂的经口毒性48 h-LD50值分别为有效成分8.04×10-3、9.46×10-3、7.04×10-3、4.64×10-3、11.8×10-3、5.25×10-3、5.22和6.31 μ g/蜂;点滴法测得各药剂的接触毒性48 h-LD50值分别为有效成分2.46×10-2、1.33×10-2、3.63×10-2、9.27×10-3、1.52×10-2、2.21×10-2、5.82和5.07 μ g/蜂。按《化学农药环境安全评价试验准则》的毒性等级划分标准,啶虫脒原药及其可溶性粉剂对蜜蜂的急性毒性均为中等毒,其他6种药剂对蜜蜂的急性毒性均为高毒;根据危害商值(HQ),啶虫脒对蜜蜂为低风险,吡虫啉、噻虫嗪和噻虫胺对蜜蜂均存在高风险。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-03-10
  • 修回日期:  2015-05-11
  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-11

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